The Fifth Amendment of the United States Constitution provides that private property may not be taken for a public use without payment of “just compensation.” Similarly, article I section 19 of the California Constitution provides that private property may not be taken or damaged by the government unless it pays “just compensation.”
The items for which a property/business owner may generally attempt to seek just compensation are (1) real property, (2) improvements pertaining to realty (sometimes referred to as fixtures and equipment), and (3) business goodwill. Just compensation for these items is generally the “fair market value” of the item as of a particular date. In addition, occupants may be entitled to relocation benefits which are generally determined separately from just compensation.
Under the California Constitution, property and business owners are entitled to have just compensation determined by a jury.